Procida is a municipality in the administrative district of Naples, dating back to ancient times and being part of Partenopean islands with Capri and Ischia. The island is located at a minimum distance of about 3.4 km from the mainland and is overlooking the northern part of the Naples Gulf. Ischia and Procida form with the small island of Vivara the group of Flegree islands. The island measures km. 3.7 long, with an area of 3.75 km2 and a perimeter of about 16 km extremely jagged. The coast is generally high, overhanging and it is enlivened by small coves and beaches. Its coasts are in some areas low and sandy, elsewhere they overlook the sea, and they give rise to different bays and promontories that offer shelter to boats and have enabled the formation of three marinas on the slopes north, east and south of the island. Much of its shoreline is protected from the “Kingdom of Neptune marine protected area”.
Procida inhabitants live at the northeastern end of the island, in small houses overlooking the sea, with exotic bright colours; superb vineyards and citrus groves dotted with white buildings appear on the edge of this picturesque group of houses. The city centre is inhabited mostly by sailors; countryside is mainly cultivated with vineyards that give very popular wines; also the crops of citrus, fruits and potatoes are widespread. The marine activities, even though in decline, remains one of the largest sectors of employment, with people of different ages employed on merchant ships of the biggest shipping companies around the world, continuing a centuries-old tradition. Next to the navy, in recent years the habitants have tried to encourage the development of the tourist industry, and although in this area the results have been encouraging, they were lower than expected, due to the absence of a strong entrepreneurial tradition, as well as the lack of accommodation. Marginal part of the working population is engaged in commercial fishing with a decent fishing fleet, while even less people are devoted to the shipbuilding industry or agriculture. A limited industrial activity shall be added to fishing and agriculture (shipbuilding and preparation of hair silk fishing, obtained by silkworms and exported abroad).
Procida island has already signed up in 2014 the Majors Covenant, but so far only few efforts have been done to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The current administration at the end of 2015 ratified the Covenant of Mayors implementation and decided to commit strongly to activate the inventory of emissions, monitor all areas of the territory and quantify the problematic situation in relation to homes, shops, cars and motorbikes emissions pollutants. Procida Municipality implements the municipal waste collection although still in a partial way, but there are different actions in recent months aimed at increasing the percentage of municipal waste recycling. Important is the municipal resolution of December 2015, when the new regulations for the municipal waste management in a collection recycling centre in order to optimize the service was unanimously approved.
The island of Procida is connected by a 30kV cable to nearby Ischia island, and from this source electricity reaches and covers the needs of the entire Procida population.
At the moment few projects are financed for environmental sustainability, including the bike-sharing project named “L’isola di Arturo", but not yet implemented in the Island.
(SOURCES: comune.procida.it; isolaverdetv.it; affaciatisulmare.it; wikipedia.it; italpedia.it;)
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Smart Island is a project funded by the Ministry of Education, University and Research and carried out by CNR IIA which aims to find solutions to increase energy efficiency, economic and environmental sustainability of the whole system of production, management, distribution and use of the island of Lampedusa.